Zoning & Regulations
Where to Look for Zoning Information
As with any other temporary or permanent dwelling, property zoning is a big consideration that drives where a park model can or cannot be placed, and what a park model can be used for. Every state has different laws. So if you know the area you’re interested in, step one is researching and understanding zoning laws and regulations in that area.
The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) sets guidelines for park model homes. From size restrictions to construction standards, these guidelines lay the blueprint for how park model homes are built. Maintaining compliance with federal regulations is important, first and foremost.
Every local municipality provides guidelines for RV’s, which is how park models are classified. Park models are considered recreational vehicles rather than homes, or tiny homes, as they are often referred to. Local guidelines will help you understand how factors like size limitations, parking requirements, and land use permits apply to park models in your specific location. Research and understand local guidelines inside and out to determine what is or is not possible in your area.
- Contact local planning and zoning departments to find the information you need about regulations, permits, and restrictions.
- If you plan to place your park model home within an HOA-led community, association bylaws are also necessary research for understanding permissions within that community.
- Knowing local building codes is also important. You want to ensure compliance with these codes before constructing or modifying a park model home.
Where Park Models Can Live
ypically, park models can be placed in campgrounds or resorts, larger areas of land that are developed and designed specifically for park models. You can purchase a land lot or lots inside one of these developments. That said, regulations on terms like length of stay, occupancy, and placement may still apply.
As an alternative, you can explore placing a park model on your own private land, which is often a great solution. Sometimes park models are allowed within residential zoning areas, and are allowed to be treated as permanent residences—but not always. Sometimes, if park models are not mentioned in local zoning ordinances they may fall under different classifications, the same that apply to other RVs and/or manufactured homes.
Lastly, manufactured home communities sometimes permit park models in specific subdivisions. Again, local zoning laws are the place to go to understand all of the ins and outs of your specific, desired situation.
Getting Help with Park Model Zoning and Regulation
Yes, there is a lot to navigate. If you don’t feel personally comfortable or confident doing the research, or drawing your own conclusions based on the research you’ve done—or if you simply don’t have the time—contacting legal or professional assistance is always an option. Some attorneys and/or consultants specialize in real estate and zoning, and can guide your journey with their expertise.